Draghi Urges Banks to Take ECB's Cheap Loans
WSJ: FRANKFURT—European Central Bank President Mario Draghi openly encouraged European banks to take advantage of the ECB's next offer of cheap three-year loans later this month, saying use of the facility shouldn't be interpreted as a sign of weakness.
"The facilities are there to be used. There is no stigma whatsoever on these facilities," Mr. Draghi said at a news conference after the ECB decided to leave its main policy rate unchanged at a record-low 1%, as had been widely expected.
The ECB lowered interest rates in November and December—Mr. Draghi's first two meetings as ECB president—but has paused since then amid what Mr. Draghi says are "tentative" signs that the economy is finding its footing after a downturn at the end of last year.
But it is the flood of cash into European banks that is the centerpiece of Mr. Draghi's stepped-up response to the debt crisis.
In December, the ECB lent banks €489 billion ($648 billion) at a maturity of three years, the central bank's biggest commitment of funds to date. That action is credited by many economists and ECB officials, including Mr. Draghi, with averting a credit crunch. The ECB took steps Thursday to make it even easier for banks to access the central bank's next tranche of three-year loans at the end of February.
Officials approved new eligibility criteria for some euro-zone countries seeking to use the central bank's liquidity operations. The national central banks of Italy, Ireland, France, Spain, Austria, and Cyprus may accept more collateral as a result. The move makes securities valued at up to €700 billion potentially eligible as collateral for ECB loans, Mr. Draghi said, but because of the ECB's risk-management policies and the valuation haircuts that it applies to collateral, that would translate into around €200 billion in actual loans.
Mr. Draghi estimated that demand at the February offer of three-year loans "should be substantial."
But critics say that the ECB's unprecedented loans are making fragile banks in Southern Europe and Ireland even more dependent on the central bank for funding, exposing it to losses in the event of a government default or banking collapse in the euro zone. A number of European banks have said in recent days that they didn't take the ECB up on its loans in December, fearful of being tagged as bailout recipients.
"The fact that we have never taken any money from the government has made us, from a reputation point of view, so attractive with so many clients in the world that we would be very reluctant to give that up," said Deutsche Bank Chief Executive Josef Ackermann, explaining to analysts last week why the German lender didn't borrow from the ECB.
A number of big British banks, including Barclays PLC, Standard Chartered PLC and Lloyds Banking Group PLC, opted not to borrow from the ECB, according to people familiar with the matter.
Mr. Draghi hit back at what he called statements of "virility" and "manhood" from bankers saying it would be "undignified" to take ECB loans, though he didn't cite anyone specifically. "The very same banks that make these statements access facilities of different kinds that are still government facilities," Mr. Draghi said.
The ECB upgraded its assessment of the economy somewhat from last month, saying recent data point to a gradual recovery this year. Economic risks remain, Mr. Draghi said, but he dropped the word "substantial," which he had previously used in describing those risks.
"It's a slight weakening of the easing bias" on interest rates, said Carsten Brzeski, an economist at ING Bank.
—David Enrich contributed to this article.
Write to Brian Blackstone